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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 128185 Find in a Library
Title: Introduction: A Canadian Perspective on Drug Issues
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:21  Issue:1  Dated:(Winter 1991)  Pages:9-16
Author(s): C N Mitchell
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 8
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Over the past 70 years, Canadian drug laws and policies have closely mirrored those in the United States. However, unlike the jurisdiction of US states to legislate drug laws, Canadian provinces are bound by Federal law which limits the degree of innovation and diversity in drug offenses and punishments.
Abstract: Demographic and cultural variables, including the French Quebec population and the lack of black and Hispanic inner city enclaves in Canada, should be considered when creating drug-related policies. Canada's different legal tradition, which is closely tied to the British system, has resulted in a more cautious approach to the issue of mandatory drug testing. Three trends in Canadian drug use are identified: more alcohol and less cocaine use than in the US, declining drug use, and high consumption of licit drugs. The author maintains that, despite some publicized reforms in Canadian drug policies, the criminal law control system is very repressive. Progress in reducing drug-related social costs and producing a more civil, drug tolerant society can be achieved only through major changes in the law. 8 references
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement
Index Term(s): Canada; Drug abuse; US/foreign comparisons
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