skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 128207 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Difference in Response to Long-Term Imprisonment: Implications for the Management of Long-Term Offenders
Journal: Prison Journal  Volume:80  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring-Summer 1990)  Pages:35-45
Author(s): F J Proporino
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Because of the increase in incarceration rates in both Canada and the US, and the increase in the number of offenders receiving longer sentences for more serious crimes, corrections officials must determine what effect lengthy imprisonment terms have on individuals and what programs are most effective for this population. Data collected from several sources address ways in which long-term offenders in Canada can be differentiated from the overall prison population in terms of security and programming needs.
Abstract: As of March, 1990, over 15 percent of Canadian offenders were serving life or indeterminate sentences, mostly on homicides convictions. Life-sentence offenders are older and have less extensive criminal histories than the general prison population; rates of revocation when released into community supervision compare favorably with other inmates. Long-term offenders are routinely assigned to maximum security facilities. Prior criminal experience, particularly previous imprisonment in Federal facilities, is probably the best predictor of long-term offender involvement in violent institutional incidents. Within this population, prior Federal incarceration is also a predictor of criminal orientation; there is no correlation between pro-criminal attitudes and level of assigned security. Pro-criminal attitudes might be important considerations in assigning housing and program-related tasks. 3 tables, 1 figure, 3 notes, and 28 references
Main Term(s): Inmate attitudes; Long-term imprisonment
Index Term(s): Canada; Facility security; Inmate Programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.