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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 128338 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: From Sawdust to Toxic Blobs: A Consideration of Sanctioning Strategies to Combat Pollution in Canada
Author(s): D Chappell
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 77
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Department of Justice
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8, Canada
Canada Dept of Justice
Ottawa, K1A 0H8, Canada
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Publication Number: ISBN 0-662-55687-9; JUS-P-487
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Canada Dept of Justice
Communications and Public Affairs
Ottawa, K1A 0H8,
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Language: English; French
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study, commissioned by Canada's Department of Justice, involves a comprehensive review of the jurisprudential and social sciences literature relating to the use of criminal penalties for environmental pollution.
Abstract: The study first interprets the terms "criminal penalties" and "criminal law" and then describes the methods used to identify and obtain relevant literature to be included in the study. This is followed by a review of the philosophies that guide environmental regulation in Canada. A general review of the principal parties responsible for pollution in Canada precedes a discussion of the justification for subjecting certain of these parties to criminal sanctions. The experience gained from the implementation of criminal laws similar to those proposed in Canada, Japan, and Germany is also considered. The central issue of deterrence is discussed regarding the application of sanctioning strategies against the four principal groups believed to be responsible for the majority of pollution in Canada: corporations, small businesses, public agencies, and criminal organizations. Enforcement dilemmas associated with the use of environmental sanctioning strategies are discussed, and the paper concludes with suggestions for additional empirical work in Canada to close data gaps and assist policymakers in decisions about law reform. 297 notes
Main Term(s): Environmental laws
Index Term(s): Canada; Criminalization; Deterrence effectiveness
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