skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 128422 Find in a Library
Title: Rape Victims' Style of Self-Presentation and Secondary Victimization by the Environment: An Experiment
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1991)  Pages:29-40
Author(s): F W Winkel; L Koppelaar
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 12
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This experiment tests the hypothesis that a numbed style of self-presentation by rape victims as compared to an emotional one, will result more strongly in secondary victimization by the environment.
Abstract: Participants were 80 female vocational education students varying in age from 16 to 21 years. The variables were the extent to which observers tend to show undesirable reactions to a victim reporting her experience to them, and the extent to which they, if confronted with a similar victim experience, would be willing to inform others in their environment. Results suggest that a victim characterized by an emotional self-presentation is more strongly perceived as a woman who exhibited caution and as a person who was not responsible for the situation. The data suggests that the public's acquaintance with and awareness of self-presentation biases should be raised. 3 tables and 52 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Sexual assault victims
Index Term(s): Psychological victimization effects; Victimology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.