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NCJ Number: 128623 Find in a Library
Title: Transferring Juveniles to Criminal Courts: Trends and Implications for Criminal Justice
Author(s): D J Champion; G L Mays
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 205
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Publication Number: ISBN 0-275-93534-5
Sale Source: Praeger Publishers
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Because the transfer of juveniles to criminal courts is a growing phenomenon for both the criminal and juvenile justice systems, this book examines the transfer process and describes the types of juveniles who are waived to criminal court jurisdiction.
Abstract: Different jurisdictions have varying standards about how juveniles are defined and at what age they may be transferred to adult status for possible punishment. The book describes juvenile courts, juvenile offender types who are processed by these courts, and outcomes that characterize most transfers. The first chapter discusses social and legal definitions of delinquency, differences between status and delinquent offenders, and changing patterns of juvenile case processing among jurisdictions. The second chapter overviews the juvenile justice system considering judicial options, punishment, and deterrence for juveniles. The third chapter details transfers, with emphasis on goals and functions of transfers and transfer outcomes. The next two chapters deal with the implications of transfers for juvenile offenders and the nature and functions of criminal courts. The final chapter summarizes trends related to juvenile transfers, including male-female juvenile comparisons, selective certification, prison and jail overcrowding, and the emergence of a unified court system. 352 references, 10 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Juvenile court waiver
Index Term(s): Juvenile case management; Juvenile courts; Juvenile offenders; Male female juvenile offender comparisons
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