skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 128680 Find in a Library
Title: Micro-level Analysis of Social Structure and Social Control Intrastate Use of Jail and Prison Confinement
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:7  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1990)  Pages:325-340
Author(s): B R McCarthy
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The purpose of this study is to examine conflict theory as it applies to the use of confinement sanctions with a focus on three areas: the influence of structural factors on the use of jail sentences as well as on prison confinement; intrastate social control at the county level; and the effects of structural factors in both metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
Abstract: The review of the literature is broken down into several areas: crime rates and incarceration, conflict perspective and incarceration, unemployment, size of subordinant populations, studies of jail confinement, and the role of urbanization. The findings show that, on the whole, the crime and structural variables employed in the present analysis explain moderate levels of variation in the use of confinement sanctions. The present model accounts for almost half of the variation in prison rates, but explains slightly less variation in the use of jail sanctions. In metropolitan areas, unemployment continues to have a strong direct effect on the use of jail sentences, but also is seen to have a comparable effect on the use of prison sentences. Violent crime rate exerts a significant direct effect on the use of both prison and jail sentences. However, in nonmetropolitan areas, the use of jail and prison sanctions is explained neither by the level of crime nor by structural factors. 3 tables and 66 references
Main Term(s): Social control theory
Index Term(s): Conflict theory; Crime Rate; Incarceration; Unemployment
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.