skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 134128 Find in a Library
Title: Adolescent Substance Abuse
Journal: Psychiatric Annals  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:special issue (February 1991)  Pages:70-108
Editor(s): M A Morrison
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 39
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This series of six articles on adolescent substance abuse addresses the effects of substance abuse on today's youth, current trends in adolescent drug use, memory impairment from marijuana use, the diagnosis of adolescent chemical dependence, and inpatient and outpatient treatment for juvenile drug abuse.
Abstract: An overview of the effects of substance abuse on today's youth concludes that substance abuse is the major precipitating cause for most of the premature deaths and morbidity among youth in the United States. It further concludes that the single greatest predictor of substance abuse is a positive family history of drug abuse. Data support a genetic biological predisposition for addiction, although environmental components may modify the risk. A review of current trends in adolescent drug use notes that although dangerous drugs such as crack threaten youth today, the use of drugs is becoming unpopular, at least among middle-class adolescents, as they search for positive alternatives to meet their emotional needs. An article on the effects of heavy and potent and marijuana use advises that such use induces significant and long-lasting deficits in short-term memory. Another article reviews the difficulties in the diagnosis of drug-dependent or alcohol-dependent adolescents, followed by an article that discusses the coexistence of substance abuse with a separate psychiatric disorder. The final article explores current successful treatment programs and strategies for the adolescent substance abuser. Article references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Drug abuse causes; Drug effects; Juvenile drug treatment; Marijuana
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.