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NCJ Number: 134138 Find in a Library
Title: Personal and Social Motivations as Predictors of Substance Use Among College Students
Journal: Criminal Justice Policy Review  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:(1990)  Pages:303-312
Author(s): T L Haden; E W Edmundson
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 10
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents results from a survey that determined the predictability of substance use among college students through the use of self-reported personal and social motivations.
Abstract: The survey was administered by direct mail to a random sample of 2,200 students at a large southwestern U.S. university. The survey instrument consisted of 174 items that purported to measure personal substance use behavior, perceived substance use of other students, frequency of behavior associated with substance use, motivations for substance use, consequences of substance use, attitudes toward substance use relative to school and health, demographics, and miscellaneous items. The study focused on the use of alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, tranquilizers, psychedelics, and designer drugs. All analyses that involved the motivation items included only those respondents who reported being current drug users, two subscales were developed, one for each category of motivations. Reliability for each subscale as estimated by coefficient alpha was .80 and .86, respectively. A series of stepwise multiple regression analyses were computed in which individual drug-use indexes served as criterion variables; the predictor variables were the personal motivations subscale (PMS) and the social motivation subscale (SMS) for each model. Results indicate that the PMS was the stronger predictor in every model, with the exception of the model that predicted the alcohol-use index. The SMS was the best predictor for alcohol use. 5 tables and 17 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Campus crime; Drug abuse causes; Self-report studies
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