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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134181 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Gangs: The Problem and the Response
Corporate Author: Arthur D Little Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 33
Sponsoring Agency: Arthur D Little Inc
San Francisco, CA 94111
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Contract Number: J-LEAA-005-82
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report was prepared for the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, to increase understanding of youth gangs and the law enforcement and community responses that seem to be most effective.
Abstract: The report defines youth gangs, noting characteristics including structure, membership, ethnicity, location, identity, criminal activities, initiation, and leadership. The extent of the problem is discussed in terms of the incidence of juvenile gangs, incidence of gang violence, and characteristics of gang violence. The patterns of gang violence in Los Angeles are briefly described. Some characteristics of juvenile gangs are examined in more detail; organization and structure; incentives; participation; activities; development; and prison gang influence. There are several ways to identify juvenile gangs through their graffiti, hand signals, tattoos, colored bandanas, headgear, and slang. Prominent theories on juvenile gangs are summarized. The law enforcement response to juvenile gangs has been characterized by three common organizational approaches: youth service programs; gang details; and gang units. Youth gang control by police departments encompasses intelligence, enforcement, investigation, apprehension, and even prevention. The report concludes with description of several successful youth gang programs including, inter alia, Operation Safe Streets in Los Angeles, CRASH sponsored by the Los Angeles Police Department, and Crisis Intervention Network in Philadelphia.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Police juvenile relations
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