skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 134201 Find in a Library
Title: Japanese Police Establishment
Author(s): R J Rinalducci
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 430
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Book (Hardbound)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Japan's prewar police system was centralized and dictatorial, and the Japanese Police Law of 1954 was enacted to democratize the police, protect individual rights and freedoms, and maintain public peace and order.
Abstract: The 1954 law requires that police operations be free of political influence. It stipulates that prefectures constitute police operational units, and it assigns specific functions to the National Police Agency. Japan's police system consists of two essentials: (1) the law guarantees political neutrality and democratic control of the police by retaining the national and prefectural public safety commission and (2) the law eliminates the dual system of national rural police and municipal police and centralizes the police into the prefectural system. Circumstances leading to the establishment of the 1954 police law are reviewed as well as general provisions of the law, the National Public Safety Commission's duties and authorities, and the functions of the National Police Agency. Detailed consideration is also given to the prefectural police, police officer ranks and duties, special measures in a state of emergency, and miscellaneous and supplementary provisions of the 1954 law. Nineteen appendixes provide additional information on the responsibilities and organization of Japanese police and on relevant regulations. Tables and figures
Main Term(s): Foreign police
Index Term(s): Foreign laws; Japan; Police organizational structure
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.