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NCJ Number: 134240 Find in a Library
Title: White-Collar Crime in Socialism: Myth or Reality?
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:15  Issue:1 and 2  Dated:(Spring/Fall 1991)  Pages:109-120
Author(s): W Cebulak
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 12
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article shows that, contrary to the views of Polish criminologists, economic crimes under Polish socialism bear a striking similarity to Western capitalism's white-collar crime.
Abstract: A comparison of economic crimes in Poland and the United States used cases from the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey and from the Polish District Court and Regional Court in Torun. The U.S. research used 170 presentence investigations, and the Polish research involved 204 case files. Data were obtained on variables in the following categories: crime scenarios, time span, and damage; offender profiles; defendant accounts of the events; sentencing policy; and legal variables. The study found that within the spectrum of white-collar crime, there are offenses common for capitalism and socialism. In the research sites, these offense categories were tax offenses, forgery, and bribery. White-collar crime is thus independent of the political structure of the country where it occurs. 10 references
Main Term(s): White collar crime
Index Term(s): Capitalism; Crime in foreign countries; Poland; Socialism; US/foreign comparisons
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