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NCJ Number: 134242 Find in a Library
Title: Low Crime Rates in Bahrain: Islamic Social Control; Testing the Theory of Synnomie
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:5  Issue:1 and 2  Dated:(Spring/Fall 1991)  Pages:125-144
Author(s): A A Helal; C T M Coston
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 20
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This pioneer work builds upon the systems of social control (synnomie) developed by Freda Adler (1983). Its intent is to assess the low crime profile of Bahrain and in so doing to offer explanations for this country's low crime rates.
Abstract: While there is crime in Bahrain, this country appears to be the exception to the rule that rapid industrialization breeds high crime. The unique situation in Bahrain will be analyzed by giving an overview of the country of Bahrain and examining recent crime statistics reported by official agencies in Bahrain, the United States, and in addition, the State of Vermont. The official sources of these data are not considered to be the most reliable indicators of crime, but they are the most comparable. Vermont is used for the comparison of numbers since it has an approximate population to Bahrain. Low statistics of the amount of crime are reported for Bahrain which form the foundation for this paper. This paper offers possible explanations of low crime by using as its base the theory of synnomie (the consistency of norm and values sharing), summarizes the main points in this paper, and draws conclusions which point in the direction for the future of Bahrain, its citizens, and incidences of reported crime as Bahrain continues with its mission of modernization. (Author abstract)
Main Term(s): Informal social control
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime in foreign countries; Cultural influences; Islamic law; Middle East; US/foreign comparisons
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