skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 134244 Find in a Library
Title: Relationship Between Unemployment and Crime in Japan From 1926 to 1988: Trends During Emperor Hirohito's Reign
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:15  Issue:1 and 2  Dated:(Spring/Fall 1991)  Pages:153-173
Author(s): M S Vaughn
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Central Missouri State University
Warrensburg, MO 64093
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explores relationships between fluctuations in unemployment rates and crime cycles in Japan during the reign of Emperor Hirohito (1926 to 1988).
Abstract: Crime data are the dependent variables and were collected from official Japanese police statistics. The unemployment data (the independent variable) was collected from various governmental sources. Pearson's product moment correlation and the coefficient of determination were used to measure levels of association between unemployment and specific crime categories. Findings indicate that before and during World War II, the economic model of crime could be applied to Japanese society; i.e., as legitimate opportunities narrowed (fewer jobs), illegitimate opportunities became more attractive (increased incentive for crime). Thus, from 1926 to 1945, apparently the events that ushered in unemployment may have had an impact on crime. In postwar Japan, however, different relationships between joblessness and crime emerged. Apparently, the postwar democracy, which fostered both adherence to traditional values and a social environment conducive to adaptation and transformation to capitalism, has been a useful tool for social control. The evidence indicates that after a lifetime of conditioning toward conformity to group norms, the postwar Japanese do not turn to criminal activity regardless of unemployment status. Postwar Japanese society is relatively free of criminal activity, regardless of economic hardship and strain. 1 table, 12 notes, and 115 references
Main Term(s): Employment-crime relationships
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Economic analysis of crime; Economic influences; Japan; Unemployment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.