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NCJ Number: 134267 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Restitution Instead of Punishment: Reorientation of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in the Context of Development
Journal: Indian Journal of Criminology  Volume:19  Issue:2  Dated:(July 1991)  Pages:79-91
Author(s): H J Schneider
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: India
Annotation: This article proposes that restitution and the resolution of the offender-victim conflict become the featured aim of corrections and the social control system in general.
Abstract: Punishment through imprisonment has not been effective in reducing recidivism for the offender, and it does nothing to rectify harms done to crime victims. Corrections must be reformed so that both the offender and the victim benefit from what transpires. Restitution is the mechanism through which offender and victim can interact for mutual benefit. Offenders can benefit from restitution by having to confront the consequences of their behavior and assume responsibility for mitigating the harm they have done their victims. Such an experience builds self-esteem and responsible behaviors. The victim benefits from the actions of the offender which repair some of the harm done by the crime. The victim may also benefit from learning how to forgive the offender and making a positive contribution to the offender's rehabilitation. The structure for the interaction of offender and victim can be mediation or arbitration, whereby a trained and skilled third party guides the victim-offender interaction to help produce constructive results beneficial to both parties. 17 references
Main Term(s): Restitution
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Mediation; Social reintegration
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