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NCJ Number: 134271 Find in a Library
Title: Methodology for Studying Noninstitutionalized Psychopaths
Journal: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  Volume:45  Issue:4  Dated:(August 1977)  Pages:674-683
Author(s): C S Widom
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 10
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article presents a methodology for the recruitment and study of noninstitutionalized psychopaths.
Abstract: The proposed methodology is significant, since previous studies of psychopaths have primarily focused on institutionalized populations. The recruitment procedure incorporated the characteristics of psychopathy into an advertisement which was placed in the classified section of a major Boston counterculture newspaper. Twenty-three males and five females responded to the ad. The median age of the subjects was 25.7. Subjects were assessed with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, the Porteus Maze Test, a questionnaire battery (including introversion, neuroticism, empathy, socialization, and Machiavellianism scales), a delay-of-gratification task, and a biographical interview. Since the sample met a range of criteria often associated with psychopathy, the recruitment method was apparently successful in locating noninstitutionalized psychopaths. The methodology should permit the investigation of the more "successful" psychopath who may be arrested frequently but is rarely convicted (this was true of this sample). The inclusion of noninstitutionalized persons in studies of psychopaths will enable researchers to distinguish between characteristics rooted in psychopathy and those attributable to the experience of institutionalization. 5 tables and 32 references
Main Term(s): Psychopaths
Index Term(s): Psychological evaluation; Research methods
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