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NCJ Number: 134278 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Social Sciences and the Criminal Law: Victims of Crime -- Plight vs. Rights
Journal: Criminal Law Bulletin  Volume:28  Issue:1  Dated:(January/February, 1991)  Pages:64-77
Author(s): J R Acker
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Best Practice/State-of-the-Art Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After years of seeming indifference, both the law and the criminal justice systems have become more responsive to the concerns of crime victims.
Abstract: However, the boundaries of the law must be maintained all the more firmly in the face of counterpressures stemming from the fear and anger about crime that are associated with victims' rights movements. The social backlash against crime in some respects has blurred the distinction between victim and criminal. Victim-directed measures, such as restitution, have been implemented to provide direct redress to victims of crime. There have been proposals to amend the Federal constitution to provide victims with enforceable legal rights. And, among the more prominent types of victim-oriented measures is the widespread legislative authorization of the use of victim impact statements for sentencing purposes in criminal cases. Just as support for victims of crime has continued to grow in recent years, societal tolerance for acts of crime increasingly has waned. Constitutional safeguards and rational legal policies must be preserved, otherwise they will be added to the roster of victims of crime. 98 footnotes
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Public Opinion of Crime; Social control; Victims rights
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