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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134332 Find in a Library
Title: Felony Punishments: A Factorial Survey of Perceived Justice in Criminal Sentencing
Journal: Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology  Volume:82  Issue:2  Dated:(Summer 1991)  Pages:396-422
Author(s): J L Miller; P H Rossi; J E Simpson
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 27
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To measure perceptions of appropriate punishments for offenders convicted of various crimes committed under differing circumstances, the influence of offense characteristics, offender characteristics, victim characteristics, and survey respondent characteristics on judgments of felony punishments were examined empirically.
Abstract: A factorial survey approach was used to elicit judgments from a general population sample, criminal justice samples, and student samples regarding the punishments appearing in more than 61,000 vignettes describing criminal acts, offenders, and the harm resulting from the crimes. The relationship between the criminal perpetrator and the victim and between the offender's social status and that of the victim's social status influenced attitudes of appropriate sanctions. The socio-demographic characteristics of race, gender, and education influenced respondents' judgments about what constitutes appropriate criminal sanctions. Respondents called for an increase in punishment severity when either the crime victim or the criminal offender was a corporation rather than an individual. 30 footnotes, 5 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Felony; Punishment
Index Term(s): Offender profiles; Offense characteristics; Sociological analyses; Victim profiles
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