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NCJ Number: 134395 Find in a Library
Title: Origins of the Police Mandate: The Australian Case Reconsidered
Journal: Police Studies  Volume:14  Issue:3  Dated:(Fall 1991)  Pages:107-120
Author(s): D B Moore
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 14
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The essential police mandate -- to maintain public order -- has remained continuous for all Australian police forces since its colonialization 200 years ago. The interpretation of that mandate has been made by members of an autonomous bureaucracy and has varied greatly.
Abstract: Recent research into Australian policing history has identified several factors essential to understanding adequately the country's policing historiography. These include a greater emphasis on the role of the courts, an awareness of the imperial context of policing in former British colonies, recognition of the bureaucratization of police forces, and an analysis of the relationships between police forces and other public institutions. Many recent studies have noted the accidental nature of Australian policing developments. For example, the Common Law was introduced for political rather than legal reasons, major changes to colonial policing were prompted by economic rather than political reasons, and police discretion was often used based on moral rather than political or legal reasons. 37 notes and 87 references
Main Term(s): Foreign police; History of policing
Index Term(s): Australia
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