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NCJ Number: 134516 Find in a Library
Title: Developmental Perspective on Antisocial Adolescents (From Young Offenders Act: A Revolution in Canadian Criminal Justice, P 186-196, 1991, Alan W Leschied, Peter G Jaffe, et al, eds. -- See NCJ-134506)
Author(s): P G R Patterson
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: University of Toronto Press
Toronto, Ontario M4Y 2W8, Canada
Sale Source: University of Toronto Press
Marketing Manager
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Suite 700
Toronto, Ontario M4Y 2W8,
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: The Young Offenders Act of Canada is based on many incorrect assumptions about developmental processes related to juvenile offenders and should therefore be changed to include not only its emphasis on personal accountability and responsibility, but also the individualized approach on which the previous Juvenile Delinquents Act.
Abstract: Passed in 1908, the Juvenile Delinquents Act was the first Canadian law to recognize and make provision for young people's differences both from adults and from each other. The Young Offenders Act tried to rectify the perceived inequities that resulted from the previous law by specifying a standardized approach based on individual accountability and responsibility. However, developmentally many juvenile offenders are still struggling with issues from the preschool level and are not developmentally capable of being responsible for their actions. However, they vary widely in their developmental issues and treatment needs, as shown by the hypothetical example of a 15-year-old who has assaulted a teacher. Therefore, the Young Offenders Act should be changed to recognize differences between offenders and provide for greater flexibility and a wider range of dispositions and varying combinations of custody and treatment, based more on the needs of the whole person. 8 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile codes
Index Term(s): Canada; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile sentencing; Sentencing factors; Youth development
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