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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134528 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Drug Use Among American High School Seniors, College Students and Young Adults, 1975-1990, Volume 1: High School Seniors
Author(s): L D Johnston; P M O'Malley; J G Bachman
Corporate Author: University of Michigan
Institute for Social Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 211
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Grant Number: 3 R01 DA 01411
Publication Number: (ADM) 91-1813
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Annual surveys of representative samples of high school seniors in the United States from 1975 to 1990 focused on the use of 11 separate classes of drugs and found that 1990 continued the gradual decline in the proportions involved in the use of any illicit drug and the widespread occurrence of occasions of heavy alcohol drinking.
Abstract: High school dropouts were not included in the surveys. The results revealed that little illicit drug use is initiated by the 6th grade, although at this age some 19 percent had initiated cigarette use and 11 percent had consumed alcohol. The peak initiation rate for marijuana and inhalants was reached by the 9th grade. Ninety-percent of high school seniors had tried alcohol, and 32 percent had consumed 5 or more drinks in a row at least once in the prior 2-week period. Initiation of daily smoking occurred most often in grades six through nine, with 19 percent daily smokers. Smoking was more than two times as prevalent among noncollege-bound students as among college-bound students. Findings indicated that despite improvements in recent years, high school students and other young adults have greater involvement in illicit drugs than in any other industrialized nation and that heavy drinking and cigarette smoking are also significant concerns. Tables, figures, footnotes, and appended estimates adjusted for absentees and dropouts. For Volume 2, see NCJ-1345290.
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Drug abuse; High school education; Juvenile drug abusers
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