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NCJ Number: 134545 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Efficacy of Psychological Interventions With Recent Rape Victims (From Rape and Sexual Assault III, P 75-103, 1991, Wolbert Burgess, ed. -- See NCJ-134540)
Author(s): B Anderson; E Frank
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Garland Publishing, Inc.
New York, NY 10003-3304
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH-29262; MH-30915
Sale Source: Garland Publishing, Inc.
19 Union Square
West Floor 8
New York, NY 10003-3304
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the efficacy of two treatment interventions with recent rape victims -- psychoeducational intervention and psychological support -- and then studied the efficacy of short-term therapy versus brief intervention therapy (cognitive behavior therapy versus systematic desensitization-treated groups).
Abstract: Subjects were referred to the researchers by Allegheny County Center for Victims of Violent Crime or Pittsburgh Action Against Rape between September 1978 and October 1988. Of the 532 referrals, 51.3 percent agreed to participate in the study. During the first 6 years of the project, women were randomly assigned to either cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or systematic desensitization (SD). In the latter part of the research program, women were randomly assigned to either psychoeducation intervention (PEI) or psychological support (PS) modalities. PEI is intended to help the victim understand why the rape myths exist and why operating from the basis of those myths will be nonadaptive for the rape victim. PS is considered a "placebo," since it does not involve intensive treatment. In interaction with the victim, the clinician provides optimism and hopefulness, reassurance and encouragement, the enhancement of expectations of positive outcomes, and ventilation and aberaction. Both PEI and PS were associated with comparable levels of symptom reduction (depression, fear, anxiety, and social adjustment). Also, both cognitive behavior therapy and systematic desensitization were associated with comparable levels of symptom reduction. These findings suggest that the minimal treatment of psychological support can be as effective as more intensive interventions in reducing traumatic symptoms for recent rape victims. Intensive treatment may be most effective with rape victims who display chronic trauma symptoms over time. 6 tables and 33 references
Main Term(s): Rape counseling
Index Term(s): Psychological victimization effects; Sexual assault victims; Victim reactions to crime
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