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NCJ Number: 134563 Find in a Library
Title: Psychological Heterosexism and Anti-Gay Violence: The Social Psychology of Bigotry and Bashing (From Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men, P 149-169, 1992, Gregory M Herek and Kevin T Berrill, eds. -- See NCJ-134558)
Author(s): G M Herek
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper discusses psychological heterosexism -- the manifestation of heterosexism in individuals' attitudes and actions -- and its role in violence against lesbians and gay men.
Abstract: The paper focuses on how psychological and situational factors affect the attitudes and behaviors of heterosexual persons. The discussion is based on the assumptions that psychological heterosexism and anti-gay violence are often functional for the person who manifests them; the principal function served by these attitudes and actions differs for each person, depending on his/her psychological needs; and the translation of individual needs into anti-gay attitudes and behaviors involves a complex interaction of deep-seated personality characteristics, salient aspects of the immediate situation, and cultural definitions of sexuality and gender. "Coming out" to heterosexuals is perhaps the most powerful strategy that lesbians and gay men have to overcome psychological heterosexism and anti-gay violence. When lesbians and gay men disclose their sexual orientation to their relatives, friends, neighbors, and coworkers, the discriminatory attitudes of heterosexism are most likely to change. Homosexuality will then no longer be viewed by heterosexuals as a condition symbolic of deviance and immorality, as they realize that homosexual persons share with heterosexual persons a common core of feelings, values, needs, and aspirations. 8 notes and 24 references
Main Term(s): Discrimination against homosexuals; Hate Crimes
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Cultural influences; Offender profiles
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