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NCJ Number: 134564 Find in a Library
Title: Gay-Bashing: A Social Identity Analysis of Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men (From Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men, P 179-190, 1992, Gregory M Herek and Kevin T Berrill, eds. -- See NCJ-134558)
Author(s): K M Hamner
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper explores the usefulness of the social-identity theory of intergroup behavior to explain hate crimes against lesbians and gay men.
Abstract: According to social-identity theory (Tajfel and Turner, 1986), persons desire positive self-esteem, and their self-esteem is tied inextricably to the way their in-group is evaluated relative to other groups. Social groups or categories not only systematize the world, they also provide a system of orientation for self-reference; they create and define the individual's place in society. "Out-groups" are any social group with which individuals compare their own in-group to assess it and thus make judgments about themselves. According to Tajfel and Turner, differentiation of the in-group from an out-group both fosters and is generated by group conflict. Social-identity theory can help explain why lesbians and gay men are especially likely to be victims of hate-motivated violence. As a group generally held in low regard by society, lesbians and gay men are likely to represent a relevant out-group for all quarters of society, particularly for persons lower in the social system. This paper also identifies the limitations of social-identity theory in explaining discrimination against homosexuals and suggests implications of social-identity theory for the prevention of discrimination and hate toward homosexuals. 3 notes and 20 references
Main Term(s): Discrimination against homosexuals; Hate Crimes
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime specific countermeasures; Offender profiles
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