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NCJ Number: 134567 Find in a Library
Title: Primary and Secondary Victimization in Anti-Gay Hate Crimes: Official Response and Public Policy (From Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men, P 289-305, 1992, Gregory M Herek and Kevin T Berrill, eds. -- See NCJ-134558)
Author(s): K T Berrill; G M Herek
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper identifies some manifestations of "secondary" victimization for victims of anti-gay hate crimes and offers policy recommendations for an approach to anti-gay hate crimes that addresses all levels of associated victimization.
Abstract: As crime victims, lesbians and gay men are likely to experience indifference, rejection, or stigmatization from family, friends, community agencies, and society in general. Additionally, gay people face the possibility of further victimization because of society's willingness to condone prejudice, discrimination, and violence against them. If their sexual orientation becomes publicly known as the result of a crime, lesbians and gay men risk the loss of employment, eviction from housing, denial of public accommodations, and loss of child custody. These experiences can be classified as "secondary" victimization. A broad-based response to secondary victimization must include enactment of appropriate legislation, reform of the criminal justice system, and the widespread use of community education programs in schools, colleges, religious organizations, and the mass media. 7 notes and 41 references
Main Term(s): Discrimination against homosexuals
Index Term(s): Hate Crimes; Law reform
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