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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134593 Find in a Library
Title: Civil Commitment From a Systems Perspective
Journal: Law and Human Behavior  Volume:16  Issue:1  Dated:(February 1992)  Pages:61-74
Author(s): P S Appelbaum
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 14
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Viewing the civil commitment process from a systems perspective, this article focuses on the systems in which individual actors participate and the ways in which systemic interests may affect the commitment process.
Abstract: To ameliorate the problematic consequences of bringing the mental health system and the justice system together for a common purpose, the option of developing a single system to assume responsibility for civil commitment is proposed. One possibility for such a system is a functionally independent civil commitment system that assumes all the responsibilities now assigned to the mental health and justice systems. The clinicians employed by this system and extensively trained for the task would perform the initial evaluations and make the emergency commitment decisions. Hearing officers, who have received specialized training in the clinical and legal aspects of mental disorder and who may or may not be judges would run the hearings. The primary loyalties of all parties would be to the implementation of the civil commitment statute. Potential gains and losses associated with the development of a single system are considered along with the potential utility of this option in other areas of law and mental health interaction. 46 references
Main Term(s): Civil commitment; Law reform
Index Term(s): Criminal justice ideologies; Criminal justice standards; Criminal justice system analysis; Interagency cooperation
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