skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 134603 Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol in Human Violence
Author(s): K Pernanen
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 294
Sponsoring Agency: University of Nevada-Reno
Reno, NV 89557
Publication Number: ISBN 0-89862-171-2
Sale Source: University of Nevada-Reno
Community Development
Division of Continuing Education
Reno, NV 89557
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship between alcohol use and aggression was examined using data from an interview survey, police records, and observations in 28 bars and taverns in Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
Abstract: A total of 1,110 persons age 20 or over were interviewed regarding their experiences of victimization by violence or threats of violence during the previous 12 months. The police records covered April 1977 through March 1978 and partly overlapped the interview data. Results showed that more than half of the most recent occasions on which participants were subjected to physical violence were preceded by alcohol use by the assailants, the victims, or both. In addition, perpetrators, victims, or both had been drinking in 42 percent of the violent crimes in the city. Thus, the connection between alcohol and aggression is present in large segments of the general population. However, further research and theory development are needed regarding not only aggression and alcohol, but also the other types of behavior, such as laughing and showing other positive emotions, that are more common in drinking situations in the general population. The results indicated that much research oversimplifies drunken behavior by focusing solely or mainly on aggression or violence. Tables, methodological appendixes, index, and 249 references
Main Term(s): Alcohol-crime relationship; Violence causes
Index Term(s): Alcohol-Related Offenses; Crime in foreign countries; Drug effects; Drunkenness; Ontario
Note: Guilford Substance Abuse Series
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.