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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134636 Find in a Library
Title: Testing Human Hair for Drugs of Abuse. II. Identification of Unique Cocaine Metabolites in Hair of Drug Abusers and Evaluation of Decontamination Procedures
Journal: Journal of Analytical Toxicology  Volume:15  Dated:(September/October 1991)  Pages:250-255
Author(s): E J Cone; D Yousefnejad; W D Darwin; T Maguire
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 6
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Analysis was performed on hair samples from cocaine users and non-cocaine users. Two unique metabolites of cocaine, cocaethylene and norcocaine, were identified by gas chromotography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) in the hair of cocaine users.
Abstract: These metabolites are excreted in hair after active cocaine administration; they predominated over all metabolites by a factor of 5-10. Two washing procedures to remove cocaine from environmentally contaminated hair were tested, but neither was completely successful in removing cocaine, suggesting that false positives can result from environmental contamination. Analysis of the methanolic wash of cocaine users' hair showed the presence of cocaine metabolites, suggesting that washing removes cocaine from the interior and exterior surfaces of hair during decontamination procedures. While the presence of cocaine, benzoylecgonine, and ecgonine methyl ester could be explained by environmental contamination with subsequent hydrolysis, the presence of either norcocaine or cocaethylene in an individual's hair seems to constitute evidence of internal cocaine exposure. 3 figures, 3 tables, and 16 references
Main Term(s): Cocaine; Hair and fiber analysis
Index Term(s): Chromatography; Mass spectroscopy
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