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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134645 Find in a Library
Title: Last One Over the Wall: The Massachusetts Experiment in Closing Reform Schools
Author(s): J G Miller
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 294
Sponsoring Agency: Ohio State University Press
Columbus, OH 43210
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8142-0534-8
Sale Source: Ohio State University Press
Hitchcock Hall, Room 316
2070 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210
United States of America
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Between 1970 and 1972, Jerome Miller, the Commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Youth Services closed all seven of the State's reform schools. Nearly all juvenile offenders were returned to community supervision and treatment by private schools and youth service agencies.
Abstract: Although Miller was forced to resign in the wake of the controversy surrounding the closures, Massachusetts still has no reform schools and its juvenile recidivism rates continue to decline. This deinstitutionalization program is different from others in that resources follow the inmates to the communities and alternative programs are reserved for the most difficult inmates in the system. According to the author, the Massachusetts experiment demonstrates that corrections, both juvenile and adult, needs to move away from deterrence and punishment to unconditioned care, compassion, and understanding.
Main Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Juvenile correctional reform
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Correctional institutions (juvenile); Massachusetts
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