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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134659 Find in a Library
Title: Conflict Resolution: An Alternative Approach to School Discipline (From Crime at School: Seminar Proceedings, 1987, Canberra, Australia, P 69-74, 1987, Dennis Challinger, ed. -- See NCJ-134653)
Author(s): S Plunkett
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: Argentina
Annotation: Action research was conducted in 1986 to test the hypothesis that fifth grade children will display a positive improvement in their understanding of personal options for resolving conflicts after a 6-week course on conflict resolution.
Abstract: Two fifth grade, mixed ability classes formed control and experimental groups, within 25 children in the control and 24 children in the experimental samples. Pretest and posttest surveys consisted of aptitude and attitude sections. The aptitude survey was designed to evaluate methods by which students managed or reacted to conflict situations, while the attitude survey was designed to evaluate children's inner management of emotional situations and their belief in their own ability to solve problems effectively. The 6-week course focused on various conflict resolution techniques, such as win/win, creative response, empathy, active listening, appropriate assertiveness, cooperative power, emotion management, willingness to resolve, conflict mapping, option development, negotiation skills, and third-party mediation. Behavioral responses of students to conflict control in the pretest and posttest demonstrated a positive effect on the experimental group's ability to manage emotions and apply communication skills. In the classroom, individuals became more proficient in the use of mediation skills, and children began to ask for help in solving conflicts when appropriate. Initially, the amount of time the teacher spent on the program was high. The greater independence and increased social harmony of children, however, later minimized the amount of teacher time involved. Ethical issues raised during the course of the program are noted. 1 table
Main Term(s): Conflict resolution; School discipline
Index Term(s): Crime in schools; Elementary school education; Mediation; Students
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