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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134668 Find in a Library
Title: School Experience of Young Offenders (From Crime at School: Seminar Proceedings, 1987, Canberra, Australia, P 165-175, 1987, Dennis Challinger, ed. -- See NCJ-134653)
Author(s): B Semmens
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Australian Research Council
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: The experience of young offenders discussed in this paper suggests they have encountered various control strategies during their schooling.
Abstract: Experts have been called in, therapies applied, and sanctions imposed. Ultimately, the youth have declared that teachers are bossy and lessons are boring, and they have either left school or been expelled. Nonetheless, these youth still want education to enhance their employment opportunities. The school experience of 88 youth at Australia's Malmsbury Youth Training Center reflects the center's curriculum development emphasis. Historical data were obtained on both the center and its students. Data analysis indicated the extent to which some youth had been alienated from school and society. Suggestions for improving the school curriculum to reach alienated youth are offered that incorporate the ideas of social bonding theory. Social bonding theory is based on the premise that the stronger the social ties, the greater the commitment to the social order. Agents of social order are the family, peers, the school, work, and community organizations. The implications of social bond theory for educational practice and for schooling in general are examined. Particular attention is paid to the need for students to attain cultural competence, to receive educational experiences that prepare them for the work environment, and to acquire decisionmaking skills. 9 references and 1 table
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders; Social bond theory
Index Term(s): Australia; Crime in foreign countries; Crime in schools; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Students
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