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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134682 Find in a Library
Title: From Probation to Mini-bikes: A Comparison of Traditional and Innovative Programs for Community Treatment of Delinquent Adolescents
Journal: Social Work With Groups  Volume:14  Issue:2  Dated:(1991)  Pages:105-118
Author(s): G A Fashimpar
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 14
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Probation and recreation, the traditional approaches to juvenile rehabilitation in Texas, were compared with an innovative approach involving a mini-bike club based on ecological and behavioral systems models and with a control group of juvenile delinquents who received no treatment after their arrests.
Abstract: The activities of the mini-bike club included bike maintenance, trail riding, and group meetings for a total of about 6 hours per week. Members were rewarded with bike- riding time for appropriate behaviors such as regular school attendance and received predetermined penalties for deviant behavior. The 92 youths studied were all male except for 6 female probationers who took part in the recreation program. They were compared with respect to criminal offenses, status offenses, grade point averages in school, school absences, and score changes on the Index of Self-Esteem. The results revealed that the ecological group approach using behavioral methods appeared to offer the greatest potential for rehabilitating delinquents where many factors contribute to delinquency. Recreational activities were also more effective than probation alone, although they affected fewer of the outcome factors on which rehabilitation was measured. Results supported earlier findings that demonstrated contingent behavioral approaches to be more effective than noncontingent relationship approaches. Tables and 10 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Juvenile probation effectiveness; Recreation; Texas
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