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NCJ Number: 134693 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Parenting Factors, Social Skills, and Value Commitments as Precursors to School Failure, Involvement with Deviant Peers, and Delinquent Behavior
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:20  Issue:6  Dated:(December 1991)  Pages:645-664
Author(s): R L Simons; L B Whitbeck; R D Conger; Conger K J
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Washington, DC 20057
Grant Number: MH 43270; MCJ 195073; DA 05347
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A model of delinquency based on social control theory and social learning theory was tested to determine the interrelationship and causal sequence among parenting factors, social skills, value commitments, problems at school, and association with deviant peers.
Abstract: The model was tested on a sample of 61 families, each including a seventh grader, from a rural midwestern county. Data were collected from the families over two evenings. The first night, each family member completed a set of questionnaires focusing upon issues such as parenting, psychological adjustment, self concept, health, social support, deviant behavior, and economic distress. The second night focused upon videotaping family interactions during a discussion of various daily aspects of living. The findings strongly support the hypothesis of the model. Adolescents who are subjected to inept parenting practices of battering, authoritarianism, and minimal explanations tend to develop a coercive interpersonal style; youngsters who do not identify with their parents often fail to develop prosocial value commitments. These two socialization outcomes put the youth at risk for problems with school work, teachers, and conventional peers at school. The generalizations of the results are limited by the fact that the study sample consisted of rural and small town families. 1 table, 2 figures, and 53 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Parental influence
Index Term(s): Social control theory; Social Learning
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