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NCJ Number: 134713 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Comparison of Civil Patients and Incompetent Defendants: Pre and Post Deinstitutionalization
Journal: Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law  Volume:18  Issue:4  Dated:(1990)  Pages:393-403
Author(s): T M Arvanites
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
New York State
Albany, NY 12229
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 79-NI-AX-2016
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study compares changes, pre and post deinstitutionalization, in the mental health and arrest histories of two groups of defendants found incompetent to stand trial (IST) and two groups of civil patients randomly selected from five States.
Abstract: The longitudinal data presented in this study clearly support the hypothesis of criminalization of the mentally ill. After deinstitutionalization, there were fewer significant differences in the arrest and mental health histories of civil patients and ISTs. Both samples displayed increases in prior hospitalization and arrest records. Among the civil patients, there was a dramatic increase in the frequency and seriousness of criminal activity. These findings indicate that public and law enforcement officials are at an increased risk of being victimized. The criminal justice system will be processing more and more mentally ill offenders as arrest rates among the mentally ill increase. More restrictive civil commitment standards have prevented the hospitalization of mentally ill persons who may deteriorate to the point of becoming violent. The author supports the practice followed in some States of removing the dangerousness standard from their civil commitment process. 4 tables and 28 references
Main Term(s): Competency to stand trial; Juvenile Delinquents with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities
Index Term(s): Civil commitment; Criminalization; Deinstitutionalization
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