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NCJ Number: 134753 Find in a Library
Title: Crime, Criminological Research, and Criminal Policy in West and East Germany Before and After Their Unification
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology  Volume:35  Issue:4  Dated:(Winter 1991)  Pages:283-295
Author(s): H J Schneider
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 13
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines factors before and after the unification of East and West Germany that are likely to impact crime patterns in the reunified State; recommendations address measures to counter projected crime trends.
Abstract: Given the sparseness of criminological research and accurate criminal justice statistics in East Germany, this study relied upon interviews with criminal justice experts in the five new Federal States and in East Berlin. Crime-related factors examined in this study were the impact of economic, social, technological, and scientific development on crime trends; the transformation of the political and economic structure in the five new Federal States; and reactions to the unified criminal justice system by former citizens of East Germany, who were oppressed and harassed by their criminal justice system. The analysis of criminality, criminological research, and social control before the unification focuses on political, economic, and social structures of the two States as well as the extent and structure of criminality, criminological research, and social control. The study predicts that the western portion of the new German State will experience increased crime rates due to the massive influx of resettlers from East Germany and Eastern Europe as well as people from developing countries who seek political asylum and economic advancement. Crime in the East German States will gradually approach that of the West German States. Recommendations that address these trends focus on the organization of the criminal justice system under constitutional mandates, an emphasis on informal social control, public education about crime and criminal justice, and ensurance that criminal justice professionals are committed to constitutionality and democracy. 5 notes and 10 references
Main Term(s): Foreign crime prevention
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Criminal justice system planning; German Democratic Republic; Germany; Social control
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