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NCJ Number: 134780 Find in a Library
Title: Responsible Prisoner: Rehabilitation Revisited
Journal: Howard Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:31  Issue:1  Dated:(February 1992)  Pages:1-7
Author(s): A Coyle
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 7
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: After examining the history of imprisonment philosophy vis-a-vis rehabilitation in Scotland, this article proposes a theoretical framework for offender rehabilitation in the context of imprisonment.
Abstract: The Scottish tradition of imprisonment in the 19th century harbored a rational scepticism about the rehabilitative value of imprisonment in itself. Correctional policymakers viewed imprisonment primarily as a punishment that consisted of deprivation of liberty. The first half of the 20th century saw a new understanding of imprisonment that might be described as the growth of "misunderstood rehabilitation." There was a growing enthusiasm among governors and prison administrators for the concept that prison was a positive experience in itself, that each inmate was in some way ill and could be cured if the right treatment techniques were applied. This concept of coerced cure has not been largely dispelled, but there is a need for a new theoretical framework for imprisonment and its potential for being a positive experience for inmates. The proposed theory holds that imprisonment in itself is negative and punitive for the inmate, but it can provide an opportunity for positive change. This depends upon whether or not the inmate is motivated to use opportunities for positive growth and development while imprisoned. The prison has the responsibility to provide such opportunities, but the inmate's personal motivation and investment is the essential ingredient for any successful rehabilitative effort. 9 references
Main Term(s): Inmate treatment
Index Term(s): Corrections in foreign countries; Prison conditions; Scotland; Voluntary treatment
Note: This paper was first presented to the Howard League for Penal Reform in Edinburgh, Scotland, on March 4, 1991.
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