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NCJ Number: 134805 Find in a Library
Title: Police and the Idea of Community (From Policing and the Community, P 54-67, 1987, Peter Willmott, ed. -- See NCJ-134801)
Author(s): D Smith
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Policy Studies Institute
London, NW1 3SR, England
Sale Source: Policy Studies Institute
100 Park Village East
London, NW1 3SR,
United Kingdom
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This review of research on community policing in Great Britain concludes that this approach has made little difference or has not produced the intended results and that the basic problems involved in trying to improve the relationships between the police and the community have not yet been addressed by proponents of community policing.
Abstract: The concept of community in policing and other areas of social policy rests on a reaction against large institutions and remoteness, the view that people should come together to meet their common needs and address common problems, and the argument that public policy and practice should strengthen voluntary and informal structures rather than weaken or conflict with them. The main elements of community policing are the use of permanent beat officers, together with a shift in emphasis toward foot patrol; an emphasis on crime prevention rather than on arrest and apprehension; an emphasis on interagency cooperation; consultation combined with decentralization; and proactive rather than reactive policing. However, several basic problems need attention. Among these are the need for police to plan their work to emphasize consensus-building rather than the usual adversarial approach; the need to resolve the conflicting demands on police by different communities; and the need to effectively blend formal and informal social controls while ensuring that informal social controls are not used oppressively. 14 references
Main Term(s): Community policing
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Criminal justice system policy; Foreign police; Police effectiveness; United Kingdom (UK)
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