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NCJ Number: 134812 Find in a Library
Title: Specifying the SES/Delinquency Relationship by Social Characteristics of Contexts
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:28  Issue:4  Dated:(November 1991)  Pages:430-455
Author(s): C R Tittle; R F Meier
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 26
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and delinquency was examined within the social context of schools using data from a Youth in Transition survey of 87 schools.
Abstract: The Youth in Transition data contain a variety of scales of different kinds of self-reported delinquency based on a 26-item checklist questionnaire. Three indexes were included: serious delinquency, trivial misbehavior (Rule breaking), and total delinquency. The schools were grouped into six categories: overall SES, heterogeneity, population stability, overall prevalence of delinquency, urbanness, and racial composition. The results showed that lower level students admitted more frequently to breaking the minor rules of school, such as tardiness, cheating on academic work, and truancy, than did higher status youths, but they did not admit to having committed more serious delinquency than higher status youths. Despite some scattered results of interest, which were contrary to conventional thought about SES and delinquency, this analysis did not identify an SES/delinquency relationship on any level of the six context characteristics examined. These results do not support the SES delinquency relationship based on relative deprivation theories. 6 tables, 2 notes, and 19 references
Main Term(s): Crime in schools; Juvenile delinquency prediction
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency research
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