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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134837 Find in a Library
Title: Legal Considerations for Developing a Drug Testing Program in the Juvenile Justice System
Journal: Perspectives  Volume:16  Issue:1  Dated:(Winter 1992)  Pages:30-34
Author(s): R B Willett; A H Crowe
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 5
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In developing a drug screening program for use in the juvenile justice system, particularly one which relies on urinalysis as the method of identifying drug use, potential legal issues must be identified and considered at the outset. The program should be planned to protect the right of juveniles, staff, the agency, and the public.
Abstract: An agency considering the development of a drug screening program must examine State laws or regulations that mandate such programs. Several issues arise from the concept of the authority and responsibility to test for drug use. Challenges to drug testing have been based on five constitutional rights: the right against unreasonable search and seizure, the right to due process, the right to confrontation and cross-examination, the right to equal protection, and the right against self-incrimination. State and local issues should also be analyzed by the agency as well as arguments for mandatory versus voluntary drug screening. Other legal issues and concerns that need to be researched relate to confidentiality, screening methodology, reliability of screening methodologies, confirmation, the chain of custody, and court testimony. 6 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice system; Urinalysis
Index Term(s): Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties; Legal liability
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