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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134868 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Personality, Problem Drinking, and Drunk Driving: Mediating, Moderating, and Direct-Effect Models
Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  Volume:60  Issue:5  Dated:(1991)  Pages:795-811
Author(s): A W Stacy; M D Newcomb; P M Bentler
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA01070
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A sample of 614 young men and women were followed in a longitudinal study to determine the effect of personality on problems from drinking alcohol. Three possible explanations were explored involving mediating, moderating, and direct-effect models. The study hypothesized that personality would have both direct and moderating effects on drinking problems and DWI.
Abstract: The results supported the existence of both direct and moderating predictive effects of personality on drinking problems and confirmed that personality and other risk factors do not simply influence drinking problems by affecting consumption alone. The existence of direct effects was strongly supported for only one of the personality dimensions -- Cognitive Motivation. These effects were replicated across gender and other dependent variables. Future research should address the relationship between self-report judgments and traditional conceptions of expectancy as a memory process. 5 tables and 69 references
Main Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
Index Term(s): Longitudinal studies; Personality assessment
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