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NCJ Number: 134897 Find in a Library
Title: Personal Reparations in Africa: Nigeria and Gambia (From Research Workshop on Alternatives to Imprisonment, Volume I, P 3-18, 1990 -- See NCJ-134897)
Author(s): A A Adeyemi
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
Sale Source: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Torino,
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: Prison overcrowding in African countries has led to the development of alternatives to institutionalization, with personal reparation in the form of victim compensation and the payment of damages and costs being both a traditional and legally defined measure in Nigeria, Gambia, and other countries.
Abstract: By custom, compensation has been long known and accepted in virtually all African countries and often pre-dated imprisonment rather than being designed as an alternative to imprisonment. Some countries have laws providing for compensation, sometimes limiting the amount that can be awarded or allowing it only where the court imposes a fine. Data from Nigeria and Gambia indicate that the amount of compensation awarded has been relatively modest. Both countries enforce compensation in the same way they enforce fines, imposing imprisonment for defaults. However, the compensation provisions and implementation are grossly inadequate and need reform to take into account the victim's losses, the offender's resources, and the interests of society. In addition, compensation should be applied in combination with or instead of any other sanction, although the poverty of African citizens has raised doubts regarding the desirability of its use. Tables and 71 reference notes
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Victim compensation
Index Term(s): Africa; Common law; Cultural influences; Foreign laws; Foreign sentencing
Note: See NCJ-134903 for Volume II
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