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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134899 Find in a Library
Title: Overview of Alternatives to Imprisonment in Asia and the Pacific Region (From Research Workshop on Alternatives to Imprisonment, Volume I, P 49-244, 1990 -- See NCJ-134897)
Author(s): H Sugihara; K Horiuchi; N Nishimura; A Yamaguchi; S Sato; I Nishimura; Y Nagashima; M Nishikawa; F Saito
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 196
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
Sale Source: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Torino,
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: The use of alternatives to institutionalization focuses on 11 countries and 1 territory in Asia and the Pacific Region: China, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Hong Kong.
Abstract: Information came from document reviews and site visits and covered alternatives to imprisonment at all stages of criminal proceedings including investigation, prosecution, adjudication, and disposition. The terminology used for alternatives varies from one country to another, as does the nature and extent of the legal framework for the use of alternatives. For a variety of reasons, most of the countries have experienced increases in crime in recent years. Most countries have some form of police diversion and give prosecutors discretion regarding prosecution or court diversion. Noncustodial alternatives to imprisonment include fines, suspended sentences or suspended implementation of sentences, and probation. Community service orders are used in only three countries and on an experimental basis. A few countries use other sanctions including compensation, reconciliation, disqualification, and community service. For offenders serving sentences in prison, the two major alternatives are remission and parole. Day release, prerelease, pardons, and amnesty are also used. Country-by-country profiles, tables, figures, and discussion of adult probation in Japan
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization
Index Term(s): Asia; Corrections policies; Foreign sentencing; Pacific Islands
Note: See NCJ-134903 for Volume II
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