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NCJ Number: 134902 Find in a Library
Title: North America (From Research Workshop on Alternatives to Imprisonment, Volume I, P 321-395, 1990 -- See NCJ-134897)
Author(s): A K Schmidt
Corporate Author: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)

Canada Department of Justice
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 75
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Department of Justice
Ottawa ON K1A 0H8, Canada
United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
Sale Source: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Torino,
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: These three papers describe the use of intermediate sanctions in Canada and the United States and the use of electronic monitoring of offenders in the United States.
Abstract: Canada is not experiencing the prison overcrowding that the United States is and therefore is unlikely to move significantly toward the development of intermediate sanctions. The lack of pressure from overcrowding also may explain why Canada places less emphasis on community services than does the United States; both the Federal and provincial jurisdictions seem to place much greater emphasis on the custodial aspect of their operations than on the community aspect. In addition, incarceration may be overused for offenses for which other alternatives could be considered. In the United States, prison overcrowding has led to the use of a variety of intermediate sanctions. Some of these, such as shock incarceration (boot camps) and shock probation, involve some incarceration and some involve fines, restitution, victim compensation, or community service. Electronic monitoring of offenders is also being explored. Figures, tables, and reference lists
Main Term(s): Intermediate sanctions
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Canada; Corrections policies; Electronic monitoring of offenders; Foreign sentencing; United States of America
Note: See NCJ-134903 for Volume II
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