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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134903 Find in a Library
Title: Review of Literature on Alternatives to Imprisonment, 1980-1989 (From Research Workshop on Alternatives to Imprisonment, Volume II, P 1-30, 1990 -- See NCJ-134896)
Author(s): A A del Frate; M L Fornara; A Siemaszko
Corporate Author: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 30
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
Sale Source: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Torino,
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: This review describes a bibliography containing 3,599 citations regarding alternatives to institutionalization at the pretrial, trial, and post-trial stages of criminal proceedings.
Abstract: The documents were published between 1980 and 1989. The topics include sentencing, alternatives to imprisonment, implementation methods, eligibility, rationale, evaluation, attitudes of various groups involved, and training. The alternative sanctions include probation, community service orders, fines, house arrest, electronic monitoring of offenders, restitution, reparation, and victim compensation. The analysis concludes that a crucial factor in the successful introduction and implementation of noncustodial sanctions is the existence of favorable conditions, which should include adequate legislation, targeted criminal policy and sentencing practice, acceptance by the public at large, and acceptance by judges and corrections managers. Sound evidence regarding the benefits and effectiveness of alternative sanctions is also important. Individually tailored noncustodial sanctions that combine several operations represent an important innovation. All these alternatives reflect the widespread recognition of the disadvantages of imprisonment both for offenders and for society.
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Corrections policies; Foreign correctional systems; Foreign laws; Foreign sentencing
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. See NCJ-134896 for Volume I
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