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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134937 Find in a Library
Title: Explanations of Delinquency: Body, Mind, and Learning (From Delinquency and Youth Crime, Second Edition, P 171-210, 1992, Gary F Jensen and Dean G Rojek - See NCJ-134932)
Author(s): G F Jensen; D G Rojek
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 40
Sponsoring Agency: Waveland Press, Inc.
Long Grove, IL 60047
Sale Source: Waveland Press, Inc.
4180 IL Route 83
Suite 101
Long Grove, IL 60047
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Social scientists have attempted to gather and analyze data on crime and criminals and on juvenile delinquency and juvenile delinquents, with the aim of identifying characteristics of people and their environments that increase the probability of crime and juvenile delinquency.
Abstract: In the course of these efforts, social scientists have developed standards for assessing claims that some characteristic or condition causes crime and juvenile delinquency. Such standards require that causal claims be backed up with evidence to show an association, to eliminate the possibility of spuriousness, and to establish a causal order. Causal claims must also be preceded by a concerted effort to acquire data representative of the populations under study and to create reliable measures of variables. Even when standards have been taken into account, there may be divergent views about mechanisms or processes through which the causal relationship is established and different theorists may identify different intervening variables. It is also important to specify circumstances of sample, setting, and time that may affect the causal relationship and to have a rudimentary understanding of these circumstances, as most criticisms of research focus on the failure to take one or more of them into account. Biological research on causes of crime and delinquency is reviewed, and the development of psychoanalytic and psychological schools of thought on juvenile delinquency is discussed. The authors note that the concept of the psychopath and attempts to measure dimensions of the psychopathic personality have not advanced the understanding of crime and juvenile delinquency and that delinquent behavior is primarily learned behavior. 58 references and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency research
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Crime Causes; Juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile offenders; Psychological influences on crime; Psychopaths
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