skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 134942 Find in a Library
Title: Imprisonment and Alternatives (From Delinquency and Youth Crime, Second Edition, P 401-449, 1992, Gary F Jensen and Dean G Rojek - See NCJ-134932)
Author(s): G F Jensen; D G Rojek
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 49
Sponsoring Agency: Waveland Press, Inc.
Long Grove, IL 60047
Sale Source: Waveland Press, Inc.
4180 IL Route 83
Suite 101
Long Grove, IL 60047
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The history and current status of the imprisonment of juvenile offenders are summarized, and the authors note that the risk of apprehension for a delinquent offense is quite low and that the proportion of juvenile delinquents who are sent to correctional facilities is small.
Abstract: The use of imprisonment as an appropriate reaction to juvenile delinquency remains a key controversy in juvenile justice. The need for secure institutions for juveniles is still under attack, although this need has been countered in recent years by arguments for imprisonment as a means of incapacitation. The rate of confinement has increased relative to juvenile crime after a decade of declining during the 1970s. The actual impact of imprisonment on juvenile offenders is not as definite as conveyed by the declaration that reformatories are "schools for crime," but deterrent or rehabilitative consequences of imprisonment have not been demonstrated. Similarly, while correctional experiments suggest community-based alternatives do not worse and possibly better than reformatories, it is not clear they are better than ordinary probation. Currently, critics with a more conservative bent have advocated a return to an emphasis on deterrent, incapacitative, and retributive functions of imprisonment. 103 references and 7 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Deterrence effectiveness; Incarceration; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile delinquents; Juvenile detention; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile probation effectiveness; Juvenile rehabilitation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.