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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134966 Find in a Library
Title: Forensic Use of DNA Profiling
Author(s): P W Easteal; S Easteal
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Publication Number: ISBN 0-642-15760-X
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This report examines issues pertinent to the debate on law reform in Australia that will facilitate the forensic use of DNA profiling while protecting citizens' privacy.
Abstract: Certain major changes in forensic DNA analysis must occur so as to ensure the reliability of laboratories' procedures and the admissibility of DNA evidence, preferably at a national level. Changes should include the standardization of protocols; the standardization of probes and markers; the development of standards for accreditation, quality control, and personnel; and the establishment of population frequency databases that reflect Australia's particular ethnic composition. The integral relationship between the efficacy of DNA forensic evidence and a national database is being recognized overseas, where attempts are underway to establish such centers. Australia is impeded in this effort by lack of standardization. Two major privacy issues arise in the implementation of any sort of DNA profiling and databank: the obtaining of intimate samples from suspects and the potential abuse of the stored information. Legislation should provide for the protection of samples and the information they provide. Additionally, legislation in each State and territory must be enacted to clarify police officers' powers in the acquisition of body samples. 2 figures and 27 references
Main Term(s): DNA fingerprinting
Index Term(s): Information Systems and Technology; Privacy and security; Quality control
Note: From "Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice," No. 26, November 1990.
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