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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 134968 Find in a Library
Title: Course of the HIV Epidemic Among Intravenous Drug Users in Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Journal: American Journal of Public Health  Volume:81  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1991)  Pages:59-62
Author(s): H J A van Haastrecht; J A R van den Hoek; C Bardoux; A Leentvaar-Kuypers; R A Coutinho
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 4
Grant Number: 28-1258
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines whether or not behavioral changes in intravenous (IV) drug users in Amsterdam retarded the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) epidemic in this group in recent years.
Abstract: The study sample was recruited from six methadone maintenance outposts and at a weekly sexually transmitted diseases clinic for drug-using prostitutes. Both IV and non-IV drug users were invited to participate in the study. A blood sample for HIV serology was taken, and participants were interviewed with a standard questionnaire. Participants returned for followup examinations and interviews every 4 months. A total of 622 subjects who had ever used drugs intravenously participated in the study between January 1986 and December 1989. HIV-antibody seroprevalence in annual samples of injectors was constant over the years 1986-89; HIV-antibody incidence in a cohort of injectors apparently decreased from 1986 to 1987 and stabilized after that until 1989. Acute hepatitis B incidence in all drug users in Amsterdam declined rapidly between 1985-89. Changes in drug-use behavior so far apparently have resulted in a stabilization of the epidemic among injectors at a level that is still a high incidence rate of 5-6 per 100 person-years. 1 table, 2 figures, and 17 references
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Drug abuse; Netherlands
Note: Free online PDF and HTML access to the American Journal of Public Health is provided by the publisher 24 months after individual issues are released.
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