skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 134988 Find in a Library
Title: Change in HIV-antibody Seroprevalence Rates in I.V. (Intravenous) Drug Dependent Prisoners
Journal: British Journal of Addiction  Volume:86  Dated:(1991)  Pages:225-232
Author(s): B Sperner-Unterweger; D Fuchs; W W Fleischhacker; A Hausen; C Miller; J Most; G Reibnegger; E R Werner; M Dierlich; H Wachter; H Hinterhuber
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 8
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: In 1985 a high HIV-seroprevalence (44.2 percent) was found in a cohort of 180 male and 53 female intravenous (IV) drug-addicted inmates in Innsbruck, Austria. In a longitudinal study from March 1985 to March 1989, this study investigated the epidemiology of HIV infection and possible changes in the drugtaking behavior of this population at risk.
Abstract: After the first screenings in 1985 had shown high HIV-seroprevalence rates, several preventive measures were initiated. Comprehensive information on AIDS and HIV transmission was provided during imprisonment, and efforts were made to improve cooperation between the prison outpatient psychiatric clinic, social workers, and other private and public drug treatment facilities. Drug abusers were either brought into contact with social workers linked to the various programs while serving their prison sentences or else were advised to contact support facilities after discharge. During the study, HIV-seroprevalence rates in drug-dependent inmates decreased 30 percent. A concomitant increase in admission to any kind of therapy programs and an increasing change from taking heroin intravenously to taking drugs orally was noted. Implications are drawn from the study. 4 figures and 45 references
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV prevention
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; AIDS/HIV transmission; Austria; Drug abuse; Foreign inmates
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.