skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 135518 Find in a Library
Title: Frontier Free Europe -- Threat or Promise (From Defence and Security Review, 1992 Edition, P 99, 101, 1992 -- See NCJ-135517)
Author(s): K Robertson
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 2
Sponsoring Agency: Atalink Limited
London, EC1R0NE, England
Sale Source: Atalink Limited
40 Bowling Green Lane
London, EC1R0NE,
United Kingdom
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Most European countries are committed to eliminating their frontier controls, although Britain, Ireland, Denmark, and Greece have expressed reservations over the aim of implementing the Single European Act that calls for abolishing internal European Community (EC) border controls.
Abstract: The debate not only reflects differences in constitutional and legal systems but also differences in political geography. It is notable that the countries expressing reservations share no land border, or only a limited border, with other EC member states. The argument that abolishing frontier controls is dangerous is simple and attractive; no one wants to see crime, drug trafficking, or terrorism increase. The British Customs Service claims to intercept up to 20 percent of illegal drug shipments although other European services tend toward a lower figure of 5 percent. Migration is also a potential danger; national governments estimate there are approximately 8.5 million non-EC citizens living inside the European Community. In addition, about 10 million living outside existing German borders have the right to citizenship under the German constitution. Instability in the Soviet Union, the Balkans, the Middle East, and North Africa create potential sources of migration into the EC. EC members have concluded that intelligence is the key to defeating transnational crime, drug trafficking, and terrorism. An information system known as the Schengen System has been devised to provide data to border control authorities. The implementation of EC legislation versus domestic legislation in the individual countries is discussed.
Main Term(s): Border control
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Drug smuggling; Europe; European Economic Community; Political influences; Terrorism/Mass Violence
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=135518

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.