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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 135594 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Characteristics of Aggressors Against Women: Testing a Model Using a National Sample of College Students
Journal: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  Volume:59  Issue:5  Dated:(October 1991)  Pages:670-681
Author(s): N M Malamuth; R J Sockloskie; M P Koss; J S Tanaka
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH45058; MH31618
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Structural equation modeling was used to study the characteristics of a sample of 2,652 college men who aggressed against women either sexually, nonsexually, or both.
Abstract: Model specification and evaluation included both a measurement model linking observed variables with their latent constructs and a structural model describing interrelations among latent constructs. The model included 16 measured variables and 5 latent factors. Latent constructs were delinquency, sexual promiscuity, attitudes, hostile masculinity, and coerciveness. Measured variables focused on the home environment (parental violence and child abuse), social isolation, transformations, and background or control characteristics. The model hypothesized that hostile childhood experiences affect involvement in delinquency and lead to aggression through two paths: (1) hostile attitudes and personality which result in coerciveness in both sexual and nonsexual interactions and (2) sexual promiscuity which produces sexual aggression. In addition, sexual and nonsexual coercion were hypothesized to share a common underlying factor. Findings obtained with the college sample supported the model in which a hostile home environment affects delinquency and influences sexuality and hostility paths. The part of the model that received only equivocal support was the path between delinquency and attitudes. Findings on sexual aggression suggested that it results from a combination of relatively high levels of hostile masculinity and sexual promiscuity. Support was also found for the inclusion of a latent factor underlying both sexual and nonsexual aggression against women. 66 references, 2 tables, and 3 figures (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Sexual assault
Index Term(s): Aggression; Crime causes theory; Home environment; Psychological influences on crime; Psychological theories; Sexual behavior
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